A line by line historical analysis of the accusations of the Declaration of Independence.

IV. He has called together legislative bodies at. places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the repository of their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

The inhabitants of Boston became the special objects of ministerial vengeance, after the news of the destruction of tea in that harbor reached England. That event occurred on the evening of the sixteenth of December, 1773, and in February following the matter was laid before Parliament. It was at once determined to punish severely the people of that refractory town; and accordingly Lord North, then prime minister, presented a bill which provided for the total annihilation of the trade and commerce of Boston, and the removal of the courts, officers of customs, &c., therefrom. This was the famous "Boston Port Bill," and it went into effect on the first of June following.

General Gage, who had been appointed governor of the province, arrived at Boston about the last of May, and at once proceeded, according to his instructions, to remove the courts, &c., from that town. He also adjourned the assembly, on the thirty-first of May, to meet on the seventh of June, at Salem. But he retained all the public records in Boston, so that if the members of the assembly had been so disposed they could not have referred to them. Military power ruled there—two regiments of British troops being encamped upon the Commons. The patriotic assembly, although "distant from the repository of the public records," and in a place extremely "uncomfortable," were not "fatigued into compliance with his measures," but, in spite of the Governor, they elected delegates to a general Congress. They adopted various other measures for the public good, and then adjourned.

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