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(A line by line historical analysis of the accusations of the Declaration of Independence.)

VII He has endeavored to prevent the population of these states—for that purpose, obstructing the laws for the naturalization of foreigners, refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions of new appropriations of lands.

John, Earl of Bute, was the pupil and favorite companion of George III. while he was yet Prince of Wales, and when, on the sudden death of his grandfather, George II, he became King, he looked to this nobleman for council and advice. He was one of his first cabinet, and so completely did he influence the mind of the King, at the beginning of his reign, that those who wished for place or preferment, first made their suits to the Earl of Bute.

Azong other measures advised by Bute, was the employment of men, in secret service, in different parts of the realm, to keep the King advised of all that in any way effected the power, stability and glory of the crown.

An agent of this kind was sent by Bute to America, and the glowing account which he gave of the rapid growth of the colonists in wealth and number, after the peace of 1763, and the great influx of German immigrants, caused Bute to advise his royal master to look well to those things, lest a spirit of independence should grow side by side with the increase of power, which would finally refuse to acknowledge a distant sovereignty, and defy the authority of the British crown. Some of the colonial governors within whose jurisdiction immigrants had been most freely settled, encouraged this idea, for they found the German people, in general, strongly imbued with principles of political freedom. Added to this innate characteristic, they remembered the German battle-fields where George II, in his efforts to maintain the Electorate of Hanover, had been the cause of the offering of whole hecatombs of their countrymen upon the altar of the Moloch, War.

George III therefore, at the instigation of Bute, took measures to arrest any influence which this Germanic leaven might exert, and he cast obstacles in the way of further immigration to any extent. He also became jealous of the tendency to immigration to the more salubrious states, especially Roman Catholic Maryland, which the French of Canada exhibited, fearing their ancient animosities might, by contact with the English colonies, weaken the loyalty of the latter.

The colonists on the other hand, joyfully hailed the approach of the German immigrants, and extended the right band of fellowship to their now peaceful French brethren. Both interest and policy dictated this course toward the immigrant, and the colonial assemblies adopted various measures to encourage their migration hither. Unwilling to, excite alarm among the colonists the King endeavored to thwart the operation of these measures by instructing his governors to refuse their assent to many of those enactments until the royal consent should be obtained. Such refusals were made under various pretences, and there was so much delay in the administration of the naturalization laws, through which alone foreigners could hold lands in fee, and enjoy other privileges, that immigration in a mea sure ceased. The easy condition too, upon which lands on the frontiers were conveyed to foreigners, were so changed, that little inducement was held out to them to leave their native country; and the bright prospect of the valley of the Ohio peopled and cultivated, which appeared at the peace of '63, faded away, and the gloom of the interminable forest alone met the eye. So much did these obstructions check immigration, that when the war of the Revolution broke out, the current had quite ceased to flow hitherward. Bute, however, was right in his conjecture about the independent spirit which the German immigrants would evince, if occasion should offer, for when the Revolution broke forth, almost the entire German population, numbering about two hundred thousand, took side with the patriots.


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