(A line by line historical analysis of the accusations of the Declaration of Independence.)

XII. He has affected to render the military independent of, and superior to, the civil power.

In the spring of 1774, General Gage, who was the commander-in-chief of all the British forces in America, was appointed Governor of Massachusetts; and the first civil duty he was called upon to perform was to carry into effect the provisions of the Boston Port Bill. To sustain and enforce this harsh measure, be introduced two regiments of troops into Boston; and soon afterward they were reinforced by several regiments from Halifax, Quebec, New Fork, and Ireland. By an order of the King, the authority of the commander-in-chief, and under him, the brigadier-generals, was rendered supreme in all civil governments in America. This, be it remembered, was in a time of peace; and thus an uncontrolled military power was vested in officers not known as civil functionaries to the constitution of any colony. The military was rendered "independent of, and superior to, the civil power."

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