(A line by line historical analysis of the accusations of the Declaration of Independence.)
XIV. For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us.
In 1767, the patriotic movements of the colonists so alarmed the British ministry, that they determined to repress the republican feeling by force, if necessary. For this purpose, Lord Hillsborough sent a secret letter to General Gage, then in Halifax, telling him that it was the King's pleasure that he should send one regiment, or more, to Boston to assist the civil magistrate and the officers of revenue. About the same time, Governor Bernard, of Massachusetts, requested General Gage to send some troops to Boston. Seven hundred were accordingly sent; and on the first of October, 1774, they landed, under cover of the cannon of armed ships in the harbor. The people refused to provide quarters for them, and they were quartered in the State House.
This unwise movement, which greatly exasperated the people, was repeated the next year, not only at Boston, but in New York, Philadelphia, Charleston, and other seaport towns. At the beginning of 1775, Parliament voted a supply of ten thousand men for the American service, and a large number of them landed at Boston in the spring of that year, accompanied by Generals Howe, Clinton, and Burgoyne. The tragedies of Lexington and Concord soon followed; and in June, the blood of merican patriots was profusely spilt upon Bunker Hill by the "large bodies of armed troops quartered among us."
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