(A line by line historical analysis of the accusations of the Declaration of Independence.)
XXIII. He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out of his protection, and waging war against us.
As early as the meeting of Parliament in 1774, the King, in his address from the throne, spoke of the colonies as in a state of almost open rebellion, and assured Parliament that he should employ vigorous efforts to suppress the unfolding insurrection. Again, in February, 1775, he sent a message to the Commons, declaring his American subjects to be in a state of open rebellion, and informing them that it would be necessary to augment the naval and military force in the colonies. Toward the close of 1775, he gave his assent to an agreement, with several German princes, to send armies to America to assist in crushing his rebellious subjects; and he sanctioned the barbarous acts of his governors, who sought to engage the Indian tribes in a warfare upon the colonists. In these measures, he personally declared us "out of his protection," and waged war against them.
Through his representatives, his governors of colonies, he, in several instances," abdicated government here." Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia, fearing the just resentment of the people, "abdicated government," by fleeing on board the Fowey ship of war. Tryon, of New York, "abdicated government," when, for fear of the resentment of the patriots, he fled on board a Halifax packet ship; and Governor Martin, of North Carolina, also took refuge on board a British ship of war. Lord William Campbell, Governor of South Carolina, also abdicated government,"by withdrawing from the colony, and carrying off with him the royal seals and the instructions to governors; and he "waged war" against the people, by acting in concert with Sir Peter Parker and Sir Henry Clinton, in besieging Charleston. In various ways, both personally and by representatives, did King George "abdicate government here," and waged a "cruel war against us."
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