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The Life of Gouverneur Morris

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The last Congress, as mentioned above, was elected only for six months; the present was for a year.  The powers and instructions of the two were the same.  It may be worthy of remark, that several of the delegates to the Continental Congress were likewise members of this Congress, as Jay, Philip Livingston, Duane, Alsop.  It moreover appears, that the Provincial Assembly had paramount claims on their attendance, for when Mr. Livingston returned to the Continental Congress, on the 26th of June, he asked a formal permission of the House, which was granted, on the ground that it was necessary to make up a sufficient number of New York delegates, to form the quorum of that colony in the Continental Congress.  Hence his name was affixed to the Declaration of independence, but not those of the others, who were detained in the Provincial Congress.  Alsop likewise returned, but, as we shall see hereafter, he had other reasons for not signing the declaration.  Gouverneur Morris was a member of this new Congress, but whether of the last short one I am not certain, for I do not find his name on the journals during that space.  If he was chosen, he probably did not attend, but he now comes forward, prepared to take a prominent lead in all the great measures for freedom and active defence.[23]

In addition to military preparations, and schemes for defeating the machinations and securing the persons of tories, which had thus far been the chief business of the Provincial Assemblies of New York, this Congress had in prospect two of the

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From The Life of Gouverneur Morris: With Selections from His Correspondence and Miscellaneous Papers; Detailing Events in the American Revolution, The French Revolution, and in the Political History of the United States, by Jared Sparks, Volume 1, Boston: Gray & Bowen, 1832, p 89. Some minor edits may have been made, but an attempt has been made to preserve the original spelling. Although some effort has been made to correct the limitations of OCR technology, if you find an error please report it to


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