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The Life of Gouverneur Morris

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the best manner we are able, and to trust the event to that Being, who controls both causes and events, so as to bring about his own determinations.

‘Impressed with this sentiment, and at the same time fully convinced, that our affairs may take a more favorable turn, the Congress have judged it necessary to dissolve all connexion between Great Britain and the American Colonies, and to declare thetas free and independent States, as you will perceive by the enclosed Declaration, which I am directed to transmit to you, and to request that you will have it proclaimed in your colony, in the way you shall think most proper.

The important consequences to the American States of this Declaration of Independence, considered as the ground and foundation Of;t future government, will naturally suggest the propriety of having it proclaimed in such a manner, as that the people may be universally informed of it.  I have the honor to be, &c.


This letter reached the new Congress, at the moment of its meeting at the White Plains, fully authorized and prepared to act on its contents, the draft of the Declaration having already been seven days in the hands of the committee.  It came before the House immediately, (July 9th,) and the resolution was unanimously passed,--‘That the reasons assigned by the Continental Congress, for declaring the united Colonies free and independent States, are cogent and conclusive, and that, while we lament the cruel necessity, which has rendered that measure unavoidable, we approve the same, and will, at the risk of our lives and fortunes, join with the other colonies in supporting it,--and that the delegates of this State in the Continental Congress be, and they are hereby, authorized to consult and adopt all such measures, as they may deem Conducive to the happiness and welfare of the United States of America.’

Thus was the finishing stroke put to the Declaration of Independence.  Every other colony had assented to it by their

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From The Life of Gouverneur Morris: With Selections from His Correspondence and Miscellaneous Papers; Detailing Events in the American Revolution, The French Revolution, and in the Political History of the United States, by Jared Sparks, Volume 1, Boston: Gray & Bowen, 1832, p 111. Some minor edits may have been made, but an attempt has been made to preserve the original spelling. Although some effort has been made to correct the limitations of OCR technology, if you find an error please report it to


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Last modified August 20, 2006